Jeepumps manufactured one of the most used industrial pumps in the oil and gas industry. Pumping supplies is extremely various, differing in type, size, driver, and materials of construction. Pumps are classified into two elemental types based on how they transfer energy to the pumped liquid kinetic or positive displacement. In a kinetic type, a centrifugal force of the spinning element called an impeller, forces kinetic energy to the fluid, transferring the fluid from pump suction to the discharge. On the other hand, positive displacement uses the reciprocating act of one of the squeezing actions of meshing gears, lobes, or other moving bodies, to displace the liquid from one spot into another.
In this article, Jeepumps will introduce some continually used pump types in the oil and gas field.
Positive Displacement Pump
oil transfer pumps
progressive cavity pump
reciprocating Plunger Pump
Centrifugal pumps are the most common type of industrial pump used in the oil and gas industry. Centrifugal pumps include one or more rotating impellers that suck fluid into the suction end of the pump before forcing it out the discharge end using centrifugal force.
Pumps with this design may be operated in a wide range of pumping applications and are particularly well suited to handle dingy or low-viscosity liquids, as long as they don’t contain air, fumes, or large amounts of particles.
Oil transfer pumps
When there isn’t sufficiently ground pressure to move the oil to the surface, an oil pump manually pumps liquid out of an oil well.
Oil transfer pumps are commonly used in onshore areas where there is a lot of oil, but the ground can’t get it out, and, depending on the deep and weight of the oil, these pumps may deliver one to ten gallons of petroleum with each stroke.
Positive displacement pump
Positive displacement pumps, unlike centrifugal pumps, do not need impellers to drive the fluid. Rather, they use spinning or reciprocating elements to drive the liquid into an encompassed space.
This design provides pressure, which causes the liquid to flow to its calculated location, to push fluid into a limited compartment utilizing spinning components. Positive displacement pumps are designed to transport very viscous liquids at a more subordinate flow rate but with a much higher pressure.
A diaphragm pump is used to pull oil into the refinery chamber during the upstream and midstream stages of crude oil refinement. It uses both a valve and a diaphragm. The fluid is then moved out when the diaphragm pushes down. The diaphragm returns to its actual position once the fluid has emptied the chamber, letting new fluid enter.
Petrochemical pumps work at high pressure and high flow rates within a refinery system to treat or refine combinations. One of the advantages of petrochemical pumps is that they bypass leaks, which means they protect the environment. The petrochemical pump’s simple structure, ease of use, and compactness supply it with the durability it needs to keep up with the severities of oil drilling.
Reciprocating plunger pumps
Reciprocating plunger pumps are among the most common kinds of pumps used in the oil and gas industry. Plunger pumps pressurize fluid in a had cylinder to a pipe system using the reciprocating action of plungers and pistons. Plunger pumps are known as constant flow pumps because the flow rate stays constant regardless of the system pressure at any allocated speed.
Progressive cavity pumps
A progressive cavity pump is a kind of pump that drives fluid by turning its rotor, which causes a series of tiny, fixed-shape, discrete sections to move through the pump. Whatever the system pressure, the flow rate remains practically constant at a given speed. Progressive cavity pumps are utilized in high-density applications or where it is not necessary to combine the pushed fluid.
For moving industrial fluids, gear pumps are one of the most general varieties of positive displacement pumps. A gear pump pumps fluid by using the meshing of gears and is often used for clean liquids since the propelled fluid passes between the narrow gear forbearances. A reserve valve is an integral part of the discharge pipe system because it protects the pump and the pipe from being over-pressurized.
The phrase “metering pump” refers to the delivery of liquids at exact, controllable flow rates. As such, a metering pump transports an exact amount of liquid in a predetermined amount of time, resulting in a thorough flow rate.
Booster pumps are used for different applications in the oil and gas industry, come in a combination of styles, and can manage both liquid and gas. The design of booster pumps varies depending on the fluid and uses a single-stage reduction tool that may also be used to boost the pressure of a gas that is already above ambient pressure.